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The necessity of screening and testing children at risk brings along its own sensitivities. The natural wish of parents is to ensure the safe and normal development of their offspring. However, in families at risk of genetic diseases, the future of a child can be shadowed by the chance that life may ...
The tasks of mourning (Worden) 1. Unreality 2. Acceptance of the reality 3. Pain of loss 4. Adjusting to present 5. Reinvestment in future. Grief issues Families affected by a genetic condition often experience a series of multiple losses, leading to continual cycles of grief. There may ...
The last decades, most attention has been given to individual psychological responses to genetic counseling and testing. Yet, an increasing awareness of the psychosocial challenges of genetics for patients, their partners and their core and extended families can be noticed. For disorders in which ca ...
Mental retardation (MR) is a common condition which affects 2-3% of people worldwide, and is currently defined as “a significant impairment of cognitive and adaptive functions, with onset before age 18 years”. It is classified in four degrees of severity according to the Intelligence Quotient le ...
The study of chromosomes and their structure is the subject of cytogenetics. The year 1956 marked the beginning of modern human cytogenetics when Tjio and Levan defined the number of chromosomes in man as 2n=46. Soon afterwards, a number of scientific discoveries established that a deviation from t ...
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