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Medicalization can be considered as the extension of medical categories in aspects of human lives which were not medical until that moment (Conrad, 2009; Maturo, 2009). The main mechanism of medicalization is pathologization: the process through which a non-medical problem is defined as a disease or ...
In a seminal article published in 1994, the authors wondered whether the health care systems of Southern Europe could be grouped under the label of a ‘Mediterranean paradigm’: they answered positively by arguing that the health care systems of Italy, Greece and Spain had a series of features in ...
Comprehensive reform of the health care system in the United States (US) has been a US public policy priority for the past 100 years. Several prior US presidents have attempted, unsuccessfully, to reform US health care on a national scale. Recently elected Democratic President Barack Obama had the p ...
The need to go beyond medicine and public health to promote improved nutrition, housing, health, economic, occupational, recreational and other conditions is established in the WHO constitution and is enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.12 In 1975, WHO and UNICEF, in a joint docum ...
Issues of public involvement and governance have assumed a great relevance within western democracies. In recent years social impulses for more participation initiative from civil society have increased. This debate, which has been very intense among social scientists since the 1980s, is actively pr ...
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