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Historically, the countries of the European Region have achieved unprecedented levels of health. On average, people now live longer and enjoy better health than ever before. However, it is of concern that this progress has not been equally enjoyed by all citizens. Differences in the opportunity to b ...
Methodological Workshop, given during ESGM First Summer Course in Comparative Health.
Influenced strongly by their respective national politics and the real threat of rising health care costs, the health care systems of the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US) are simultaneously undergoing systemic change, and within those systems the roles of physicians are expected to cha ...
According to the Brazilian Constitution of 1988, Brazil has designed a universal health care system. Despite the progresses achieved in the last 15 years, it still can't face up to the problem of social and regional health inequalities which are expressed in terms of resource distribution, access to ...
METHODOLOGICAL WORKSHOP given during the ESGM First Summer Course in Comparative Health.
Medicalization can be considered as the extension of medical categories in aspects of human lives which were not medical until that moment (Conrad, 2009; Maturo, 2009). The main mechanism of medicalization is pathologization: the process through which a non-medical problem is defined as a disease or ...
In a seminal article published in 1994, the authors wondered whether the health care systems of Southern Europe could be grouped under the label of a ‘Mediterranean paradigm’: they answered positively by arguing that the health care systems of Italy, Greece and Spain had a series of features in ...
Comprehensive reform of the health care system in the United States (US) has been a US public policy priority for the past 100 years. Several prior US presidents have attempted, unsuccessfully, to reform US health care on a national scale. Recently elected Democratic President Barack Obama had the p ...
The need to go beyond medicine and public health to promote improved nutrition, housing, health, economic, occupational, recreational and other conditions is established in the WHO constitution and is enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.12 In 1975, WHO and UNICEF, in a joint docum ...
Issues of public involvement and governance have assumed a great relevance within western democracies. In recent years social impulses for more participation initiative from civil society have increased. This debate, which has been very intense among social scientists since the 1980s, is actively pr ...
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