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Genetic counselling has been perhaps the most important way of assisting families with a hereditary disease in managing the consequences of the disease, and in helping individuals at-risk to find creative solutions for their problems. The increased awareness of the genetic aspects of a disease, and ...
The term screening applies to the application of a test or tests in a general population in which most individuals will be considered at low risk.1 Screening is used as a method of identifying those in the population whose risk might be significantly high to warrant the offer of further diagnostic t ...
Basic themes All individuals have three ego states. These influence our thoughts and behavioural responses in a given situation. Individuals operate according to ‘preconscious life scripts’, that can however be changed. The counsellor’s role is to facilitate the changing of scripts and to ...
The necessity of screening and testing children at risk brings along its own sensitivities. The natural wish of parents is to ensure the safe and normal development of their offspring. However, in families at risk of genetic diseases, the future of a child can be shadowed by the chance that life may ...
The tasks of mourning (Worden) 1. Unreality 2. Acceptance of the reality 3. Pain of loss 4. Adjusting to present 5. Reinvestment in future. Grief issues Families affected by a genetic condition often experience a series of multiple losses, leading to continual cycles of grief. There may ...
The last decades, most attention has been given to individual psychological responses to genetic counseling and testing. Yet, an increasing awareness of the psychosocial challenges of genetics for patients, their partners and their core and extended families can be noticed. For disorders in which ca ...
Mental retardation (MR) is a common condition which affects 2-3% of people worldwide, and is currently defined as “a significant impairment of cognitive and adaptive functions, with onset before age 18 years”. It is classified in four degrees of severity according to the Intelligence Quotient le ...
The study of chromosomes and their structure is the subject of cytogenetics. The year 1956 marked the beginning of modern human cytogenetics when Tjio and Levan defined the number of chromosomes in man as 2n=46. Soon afterwards, a number of scientific discoveries established that a deviation from t ...
The term “Dysmorphology” has been coined by Dr. David W. Smith in the 1960's to generally define the study of human congenital malformations, particularly those affecting the “morphology” (anatomy) of the individual. A few years later, Dr. Jon Aase, a former Dr Smith’s student, elaborated ...
Comparative Health is a 5 day long postgraduate level course specifically addressed to researchers, lecturers, academic scholars, medical, health and social professionals who are seeking an up-to-date overview of the field of Comparative Studies on Health Systems and Medical Care today.
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